Detcetion Of Bacterial Contamination Of Drinking Water In The Right Side Of Mosul City By Multiple Tubes Fermentation Technique.
JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE,
2019, Volume 28, Issue 2, Pages 167-184
AbstractThis study aimed to investigate bacterial contamination of drinking water in the right side of Mosul city using multiple tubes fermentation technique, depending on total coliform count as an indicator, this study takes seven months started from December, 2017 to June, 2018.
Three hundered fifteen smples were collected from water purification plants and 12 quarters in the right side of Mosul city include (Msherfa, 17-Tamoz, Al-refaee, Tal- alromman, Al-moa'alemen, Al-shohada'a, Nabls, Al-resala, Al-a'amel, Al-tayaran, Wadi hajar and Al-mansour).
The results showed contaminate of water in purification plants during April and May only while the contamination wase in all study months of the water reaching consumers with a rate reaching 40.5% of total samples and the highest was in Al-refaee quarter (71.4%) whereas the lowest reached 14.3% in Nabls quarter, the results also showed variations in the contamination during the study monthes, it's highest in May as it reached 83.3% whereas the lowest was in January as it reached 16.7%. The results of chlorine concentration test showed that the residual chlorine was less than the accepted levels in some quarters formed a ratio reached 32.1%, while it was higher than the accepted level at a ratio of 2.4%, whereas the residual chlorine in 65.5% from total samples was within the accepted level. In this study we isolate and identificate some of the contaminating bacteria such as Escherichia coli , Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes , Proteus mirabilis, Citrobacter freundii and Salmonella typhi , Escherichia coli forming the higher rate 40.8% whereas the lower was Citrobacter freundii 4.1% . Pseudomonas aeruginosa was also isolated in this study at 14.3% of the total isolated bacteria.
1- Nath, K.J.; Bloomfield, S. and Jones, M., "Household water storage handing and Point of use treatment". International Scientific Forum on Home Hygiene (IFH). USA. (2006).
2- Al-Tomei, A.S. and Saad, M.A., "Bacteriology Of Drinking Water". Biotechnic Research Center (2008).
3- Ayandrian, T.A.; Fawole, O.O. and Dahunsi, S.O., Water resour. and indus. Jour. 19: 13-24(2018).
4- EOC. Yemen cholera response. Emergency Operation Center, Situation report No.11 (2017).
5- Nishiura, H.; Tsuzuki, S.; Yuan, B.; Yamaguchi, T. and Asai, Y., Theoretical biology and medical modelling. 14(2017).
6- Al-Nazal, A.A. ; Hussein, A.A. and khalil, Y.A., Al- Anbar Univer. Jour. For Pure Science, 3(3): 1-7 (2009).
7- Skipton, S.O.; Dvorak, B.I.; Woldt, W.E. and Wirth, S.L., "Drinking Water: Bacteria". Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Lincoln Extension, University of Nebraska (2014).
8- WSDH. "Coliform bacteria and drinking water" . Washington State Department of Health, division of environmental health, office of drinking water (2016).
9- WDONR. "Bacteriological contamination of drinking water wells". Wisconsin Department Of Natural Resources , Bureau of drinking water and ground water. Washington, D.C (2017)..
10- Nollet, L.M.L. "Handbook of water analysis". 2nd ed., CRC press, London. UK (2007).
11- Talaro, K.P. and Chess, B., "Foundations in Microbiology", 9th ed. McGraw-Hill Education, 2 Penn Plaza, New York (2015).
12- Black, J.G., "Microbiology: Principles and Explorations", 8th ed. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., U.S.A (2012). .
13- Kumar, D.; Malik, S.; Madan, M.; Pandey, A.; Asthana, A.K., IOSR Jour. of Environ. Scien., Toxicology and food techn., 4(3): 17-22 (2013).
14- APHA. "Standard Method for Examination of water and wastewater". American Public Health Association , 20th ed., Washington DC, USA (1998).
15- Abbawy, S.A. and Hasan, M.S., " Practical Engineering Of Environment – Water analysis'. Dar Al- Hekma for Priting and Publishing, Mosul-Iraq (1990).
16- Antony, R.M. and Renuga, F.B., An Interdisciplinary Jour. Of Appli. Scien., 7(2) : 42-48 (2012).
17- Hammer, Mark J. ; Hammer J. and Mark J., "Water and Wastewater Technology". 5th ed., New Jersey (2004).
18- Al-Nua'aemy, M.M.M., Msc. Thesis,College Of Scince, University Of Mosul, Iraq (2017). (In Arabic).
19- Al-Oqaidy, A.J.A., Msc. Thesis,College Of Scince, University Of Mosul, Iraq (2009). (In Arabic).
20- Bitton, G., "Wastewater Microbiology". 3ed ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey (2005).
21- Razuki, S. M.M. and AL-Rawi, M.A., Iraq. Jour. For Market Res. and Consumerism 2(4): 98-129 (2010).
22- Iraqi Regularity Standers Of Drinking Water No.417, 2nd modernnization, Central System for Standerization and Qualitative Control, Ministary of Planing and Development cooperation. Iraq(2009).
23- Payment, P.; Sieniatycki, J.; Richardson, L.; Renand, G.; France, E. and Prevost, M. Internat. Jour. Of Environ. Health Res., 7: 5-31 (1997).
24- Sami, Z. and Abdul Ghafoor, M.A.K., JPMA 38: 92-96 (1988).
25- Hasan, B.K.; Abdulrazaq, S.and Rasheid, A., The Tech. Jour., 3:76-84(1997).
26- Prasai, T.; Lekhak, B.; Joshi, D.R. and Baral, M.P.,.Scient World, 5(5):112-114 (2007).
27- MDH. "Coliform bacteria in drinking water". Minnesota Department of Health, Drinking water Protection Section (2016).
28- Shartoh, S.M.; Hammadi, A.H.; Hasan, R.K.; Abdulmaged, A.A. and Sallom, B.H., Bagh. Jour. For Scien., 8(3): 243-247(2011).
29- Al- Ta'ei, N.D.S., Msc. Thesis,College Of Education, University Of Mosul, Iraq (2011) (In Arabic).
30- Alia, T., Teshrein Univer. Jour. For Stud. and Scient. Res.- Engin. Scien. Series, 29(2): 1-13(2007).
31- Sigee, D.C., "Freshwater Microbiology". John & Sons, LTD. England (2005).
32- Al- Sngry, M.N. and Al-Mashhadany, Y.D., 1st Scienti. Conf. Of Environ. Res. and Poll. Contr., University Of Mosul, Iraq (2007).
33- Al- Saffawi, A.Y.T., Al- Utroha Jour. For Environ. Scien., 5:13-25(2018).
34- Khalaf, S.H., "Aquatic Microbiology", Dar Al- Kotob for Priting and Publishing, College Of Scince, University Of Mosul, Iraq(1987).
35- Perice, J.J.; Weiner, R.F. and Vesilind, P.A. "Environmental pollution and control". 4th ed. McCGraw-Hill Book Company, New York(1998).
36- WHO., "Water Treatment and pathogen control process deficiency in achieving safe Drinking water", 8th ed. published by IWA , London. UK(2004).
37- Mohammad, M.A. and Hamid, S.L., 1st Scienti. Conf. Of College Of Environmental Sceinces and It's University Of Mosul, Iraq(2009).
38- Gang, D.; Clevenger, T. E. and Banerji, S.K.,. Jour. Of Hazardous Materiales, 96:1-12 (2003).
39- Al-Jelawi, S.F., Karbala Univer. Jour., 2(6): 109-121(2004).
40- Procop, G.W.; Church, D.L.; Hall, G.S.; Janda,W.M.; Koneman, E.W.; Schreckenberger, P.C.; and Woods, G.L.. Koneman's color atlas and textbook of diagnostic microbiology. 7th ed. Wolters Kluwer Health, Philadelphia (2017).
41- Al-Azawi, A.H.S., Msc. Thesis,College Of Scince, University Of Mosul, Iraq (1998). (In Arabic)
- Article View: 97
- PDF Download: 503