Reasons of the transformed toward NOSQL Databases and its data models
AbstractThe relational database model is the main focus of the database for the previous time. It provides robust data storage and structure that supports transaction characteristics and data retrieval with structured query language- SQL. The emergence of web technologies and clustering technology in large servers called for the need to store unstructured data and move away from the pattern of tables and static fields and not topic to transaction conditions, especially in distributed systems. Instead, it used CAP theory. New data models are emergence including: Document Data model, Key-Value model, Column-Family model, and Graph model, And new programming languages that deal with these models.
An asset inventory system is a model of systems that are not topic to a fixed structure. Each location in the organization has fairly different assets and assets in the same location have different specifications that are difficult to organize in the form of tables and columns. For this reason using of NOSQL CouchDB database system was adopted and the use of MAP-REDUCE technology to organize data display and Cloudant Query in Mango-view method to retrieve data from the inventory database.
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