Optimal Parameters for Spatial Distribution Modeling of Global Horizontal Solar Radiation in Iraq
Journal of Education and Science,
2022, Volume 31, Issue 4, Pages 83-95
Solar radiation plays an essential role in all interior physical processes and the radiative budget of the earth-atmosphere system. However, information about the spatial distribution of global solar radiation or its components is limited and exclusive at some scientific centers that specialized in solar radiation physics. Based on daily data of global solar radiation from (1984) to (2004) available at (16) locations in Iraq retrieved from NASA e-archive, this study aims to determine the optimal parameters of the experimental model to estimate the amount of global solar radiation on a horizontal surface as a function of latitude only. The results showed that the suggested model which is mathematically expressed by the sum of sine of latitude is highly appropriate for estimation of global solar radiation in clear sky conditions after adjusting the parameters according to geographical location. Through comparison between modeled output and an independent measured, globally used, and satellite available data and based on overall results besides some validity metrics: MBE, RMSE, pRMSD, NSE, R2, and r; It can be concluded the proposed model is achievable with high accurate practically performance to calculate and estimate the horizontal global solar radiation (GH) in Iraq region.
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