Volume 18, Issue 1, Winter 2006, Page 1-151

Effect of dried immature leaves and fruit Ficus carcia On some biochemical parameters in normal rats

Ameira A. Hamdon; Sameira M. Al-Katib; Khalid H. Sharaf

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 1-10
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79233

The effect of dried Ficus carcia leaves and fruit, before fruit maturing stage, (each of concentration 5% and 10%) were studied on the apparent digestibility and growth index of normal rats. These effects were also studied on blood hemoglobin level and its iron content ,and also on the glucose, cholesterol and total protein levels in the serum. 24 male weanling albino rats derived from (wister and Sprague - Dawley) types, with age of (30-35) day, and weight of (36-90) g were used. The rats were divided into six groups according to body weight. The first and fourth groups consumed the control groups, which fed for ten days (experimental period) the ideal diet only. The second, third, fifth and sixth groups were fed respectively : ideal diet plus 5% dried leaves, ideal diet plus 10% dried leaves, ideal diet plus 5% dried fruit and ideal diet plus 10% dried fruit. The statistical results showed a significant increasing in apparent digestibility of groups 5 & 6 that fed on 5% and 10% dried figue fruit respectively compared with the control group (PO.05) while insignificant differences was showed in growth index of all animals groups that fed on dried leaves or fruit, compared with the control groups. The results showed a significant increasing in the hemoglobin amount and its iron of group that fed on 10% dried figue leaves compared with the control group (PO.05). It was showed also a significant decreased in glucose level of groups 5 and 6 that fed on 5% and 10% dried fruit respectively, compared with the control group (PO.05). Also, showed a significant decreased in cholesterol level of group 2 and 6 that fed on 5% and 1.0% of dried leaves and fruit respectively, compared with the control groups (PO.05). A significant increasing also showed in the total protein level of groups 2 and 3 that fed on 5% and 10 % dried figue leaves respectively, compared with control group (PO.05),

Indirect spectrophotometric determination of paracetamol via oxidative coupling reaction with 4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinoI

Thabit S. Al-Ghabsha; Theiaa N. Al-Sabha; Amal M. Saeed

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 11-21
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79220

A rapid, sensitive and simple spectrophotometric method is proposed for the determination of paracetamol, The method is based on the oxidation of the hydrolytic product of paracetamol by potassium periodate and coupled with 4-(2-pyridylazo)-resorcinoI in the presence of sodium hydroxide. The absorbance of the yellowish-brown product is measured at 450 nm and the molar absorptivity found to be 5252 l.mol" '.cm'1. The product conforms to Beer's law over the range 0.4-22.0fig ml". The method is successfully employed for assay of paracetamol in tablets and results have been compared with those obtained by the official method.
Keywords: Paracetamol; oxidative coupling; spectrophotometry.

Study on epidemiology of brucellosis of human in some districts of Baghdad

Reem Z. Shinashal; ِAmina N. AL-Thwaini; Abdul Redha M. Al-Abasi

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 22-30
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.162865

Occurrenee of Brucella was manitored in 100 samples of blood, 5 samples of cerebrospinal fluid and 1 sample of synoviai fluid from same patiints suffering from sings of undulant fever in same districts of Baghdad and these cases of undulant fever were studied and all of them were suffering frorn the diagnostic sings of the disease beside the presence of dangerous sings of neurobrucellosis .The incidence of disease present in both sexes and the percentage was higher in female than male 60 % ,40yo respectively and the highest incidence of disease occulred in the range of ( 6-48 ) year .The rose bengal test and the indirect Fluorescent antibody test were done on patients serum and positive results appeared as 100 o/o and70.2% respectively Bacterial isolation by Castaneda bi - Phasic medium revealed 23 bactedal isolates , i 8 isolates ,4 isolates , 1 isolate from blood , cerebrospinal fluid , synovial fluid respectively .The biotypes were determined as showed that 8 isolates were of B. aborlus biotype 3rd.,4th. and 15 isolates of B. melitensis of the second and third biotypes. The sensitivity test tbr the isolates were done by using different antibiotics .

Determination of Electrical Conductivity of Glow Discharge in Dry Air at Low Pressure

M.A. Saffo

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 31-44
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79229

The aim of this work is to determine the electrical conductivity of glow discharge in dry air at low pressure (0.15- 5 torr), using the (I-V) characteristic curve. From the axial electric field strength (E) and discharge current density (J), we study also the effect of both (helium-neon) laser of power (0.5 and Imw) the ultra-violet radiation of energy (254 and 366nm) on the electric conductivity at glow discharge, the result shows that the electric conductivity decreases with increasing pressure increases. We find that the conductivity increases when both radiation's

Optimum values of Second Gruneisen parameter (q) for Iron, Vanadium and Titanium

Dr. Adnan M. Al-Sheihk; Janan F. Ahmad; Dr. Mumtaz M. Saleh

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 45-52
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79225

In the present work a numerical model is constructed for the joint optimization of experimental data on recoilless fraction, using an improved relation between Debye temperature and the volume dependence of Griineisen parameter y, and the second GrUneisen parameter q. This model shows the optimum q values for Iron, Vanadium and Titanium.

Influence of Axial Magnetic Field on the Transport Coefficients of Nitrogen Plasma at Moderate Pressures

S.K. AL- Hakary; M. A. Saffo; F.M Al-Badrani

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 53-64
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79223

In the present paper, the transport coefficients (drift velocity, mobility, and density of electron) in a positive column with an axial magnetic field of (0-6.5G) are calculated for Nitrogen plasma at different gas pressures between (0.2-5torr) with different electric discharge currents. The results show that both density and mobility of the electron increases with the increasing an axial magnetic field, contrary to that, drift velocity of electrons due to that increases of an axial magnetic field. This is a result of magnetic field confinement. This is due to the magnetic field confinement. These results show a good agreement with the previous studies (Ferreira and Ricard [12].

Using the Interacting Boson Model IBM-1 to Calculate the Energy Levels and Reduced Transition Probabilities B(E2) in 104pd Isotope

W.M. Najeeb

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 65-72
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79221

investigated .For this nucleus the energy levels,reduced transition probabilities B(E2) were calculated within the frame work of Interacting Boson Model IBM-1 for some positive parity states. The results are compared with the experimental data and the previous calculation. It is shown that there is a good agreement between the results found and especially with the experimental ones.

The 104pd isotope in the 0(6)-SU(5) transition region closer to SU(5) were

Water Availability and water balance in Erbil Governorate

Waleed Ismair AI-Rijabo; Sardar M.R Kareem

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 73-87
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79226

Water balance parameters were studied in four locations in Erbil Governorate which are Soran, Shaqalawa, Einkawa and ErbiJ.
The mean monthly climatic parameters were taken for the different locations for the periods (2001 - 2004 ) to Soran, Shaqlawa, Einkawa according to the availability of data.
For Erbil location, the climatic data was taken for the period (1992 - 2004). Water balance parameters were found during the Water Surplus Periods and water Deficit Periods .
Some climatic Indexes were also found for the four locations. The evaluation of the climate in the four locations was found according to Cilianinov and Brown & Cocheme classifications


Abbas. Y. AI-Bayati; Abdulghafor M. AI-Rozbayani

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 88-101
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79231

In this paper a new preconditioned Extended Conjugate Gradient with self-scaling Variable Metric method is proposed for unconstrained optimization. This method is based on the inexact line searches and it is examined by using different nonlinear test functions with various dimensions.

Method of Lines With Haar Wavelet For Solving Parabolic Differential Equation

Kais Ismail Ibraheem

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 102-113
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79222

In this paper we present a theoretical framework and numerical comparisons for a wavelet-based algorithm associated with both method of lines and wavelets for solving some partial differential equations. In particular, we consider a wavelet-based algorithm using Method of Lines (MOL) analysis. The advantage is in the simplicity of the boundary modification, and relatively simple and small representing the differential operators, in contrast to other wavelet-based algorithms. The time of calculations and number of flops were reduced using Haar wavelets, and as a demonstration, an example for solving the diffusion equation.
Key words: Method of Lines, partial differential equations, Haar wavelet

Preparation of a number of 1, 3, -4 oxadiazole compounds derived from -2 hydroxide lipidine

Ahmed Ahmed; Saeed Saeed; Amjed Jumaa

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 1-10
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.79217

Substituted 1,3,4-oxadiazol are well known to have biological
activities ,and to have important uses in the medicin ,agriculturel and industrial .Several compounds of this groups were synthesized from 2-hydroxy lepidine derivatives.The structure of the new compounds were established on bases of spectral and physical data.

Effect of low and high dose of oxytracycline on some aspects of life and blood chemistry in veal calves

Ismaeel Mohammed

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 11-19
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78655

The aim of present study was to study the effect of low and high dose of oxytetracycline on some biochemical profiles and hematological values in fatting calves. The study comprised 20 animals which were subdivided into two groups according to the dose of oxytetracycline that injected intramuscularly (i.m.). the first group was injected by a low dose of 10 mg/kg body weight (B.W), while the second group with a high dose of 20mg/kg B.W, once a day for sequence 3 days. Blood samples were drawn before injection and after 2,5,12, and 24 hours of injection. Serum glucose, cholesterol urea, and hemoglobin (Hb) levels and packed cell volume (PCV) were measured. There was no significant effects of low dose on all investigations while high dose exhibits a significant effects on all parameters especially on third day of injection. There was a significant decrease in glucose, cholesterol, Hb levels and PCV, and an increase in urea level.

Thermal Solution for Kerosene Crude Oil by Kirkuk Molecular Sieves

Ragheed Ghazal

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 20-33
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78713

The study included upgrading kerosene of kirkuk crude oil by performing catalytic cracking for kerosene in vapor phase over molecular selves (5A°) as catalyst at temperatures of (400,500,550 and 600)°C ,using thermally controlled tubal furnace. The structural conversions of treating kerosene samples were studied by measuring the ratio of olefinic, aromatic, and n-paraffmic compounds, beside the measurements of distillation curves, refractive index and density, and finally infrared spectroscopy (IR). The process showed the ability of catalyst to proceed through catalytic cracking involving olefins, structural conversions and dehydrogenation processes .The olefins amount increased up to (7.914%) at (600)°C Compared with(0.211%)in untreated kerosene, aromatic compounds reached to (20.3%) of the total at (550°C) and finally the ratio of n-paraffins compounds increased upto(35.4%)at(500)°C.

Charging of oil components by caustic soda to prepare activated charcoal

Khalid Al-Ghannam; Mayada Mahmood

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 34-43
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78659

The study aimed to produce activated carbon by gradual heating to about 550°C
for 4hr. The mixture consist of 1:2 ( residual petroleum: sodium hydroxide) The residual petroleum used was the atmospheric residual from Hammam AL-AIil in the northen of Iraq.
The prepared activated carbon gives good results for the adsorption of iodine No. and methylene blue in comparson to synthetic carbon . Another characters for activated carbon were studied like ash content and density.

Effect of fertilization with some major and minor elements on seedling and root rot in sesame plant and on some vegetative characteristics in glass house

Najwa Allethi

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 44-56
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78670

Sesame seeds were sown in pots contaminated with the root rot disease phathogens Pythium aphanidermatum, Fusarium solani, Macrophomina phaseolina,and supplemented with potassium, phosphorus or borax.These fertilizers considerably reduced the percentages and severity of infection of the seedlings with pre-and post-emergence damping off disease as compared to unfertilized pots. Moreover,The fertilizers also reduced the development of the root rot disease as scored four months after planting. This protective effect of fertilizers was most noticeable in plants treated with borax. Phpsphorous came second and potassium was third.

Effect of apple vinegar treatment on life variables related to renal function in male rats

Intesar Taha

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 57-65
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78657

The research involves the study of effect of apple vinegar on some of biochemical parameters which are related to renal function in experimental male mice of Swiss type. Their weight ranged from (25-30) gms.
The mice .were divided into two groups. The first group was treated with distilled water (control). The second group was treated with diluted apple vinegar by rate 1 water : 3 Apple vinegar by 5ml/kg of body weight . The solution was orally (once daily) administered for three weeks after first, second , and third week of administration blood samples were obtained from the eye-socket. Spectrophometric method was used to determine the biochemical parameters the results showed that (dil) apple vinegar decreased the level of protein, albumin & globulin and decreased the level of uric acid, urea & creatinine in the blood.

Calculate the energy levels of vanadium V2+-grafted semiconductor GaAs using the theoretical orthogonal compliant model

Adnan M. Al-Shekh; Ibtisam Y. Abdullah

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 66-78
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.162866

To evaluate the energy level for Vanadium ion in GaAs: V2+ the ground term has determined (4F). Using the concepts of isomorphism on orbital states for the ground term of GaAs: V2+ where the states are described by fictitious orbits of L'=0, T=1/2 & L'=1, the matrix elements for spin Hamiltonion and effective Hamiltonion are calculated and comparing /J,M,/ and /Mi, Ms/ for J=5/2, L'=1&S=3/2. Our results shows that V2+ displacement affected by e and t2 vibrational modes with T * e and T* t2 Jahn Teller effect rather than T*(t2+e) Jahn Teller effect

The effects of the vision on the central opacity and the positions of the curves invers for the brightness of the assumed elliptic sphere

Saad Younis; Omer Salih

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 79-96
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78665

The seeing effects on spherical symmetric Elliptical galaxy type EO following the r1/4- model has been calculated by using two type of the point spread function the Gaussian and Moffat functions . This study showed that the amount of central dimming Au;(0) for the seeing convolved Elliptical galaxy have an exponentially relationship with the reduced central dispersion value (a / re) of the point spread function , also the same proportion has been found for changeable positions r± for the seeing convolved surface brightness profiles . The relationships for the central dimming Au(0) and the changeable positions r± as a function of the reduced central dispersion have been found.

Geul - Sinclair 's non - aggregate theorem - applied empirical study H*

Amer Mohammed; Ammar Idrees

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 97-112
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78714

In this paper, we generalized the Jewell-Sinclair theorem to include not only associative Banach algebra but also the nonassociative Banach algebra. Our methods in extend Jewell-Sinclair theorem is based on the theory of multiplication algebra of an arbitrary algebra and another techniques, which is the standard method in the nonassociative context in the Spanish school.
Furthermore, we give as an application example of our generalization for the Jewell-Sinclair theorem the well-known result proved by Rodriguez that assert the automatic continuity of a surjective homomorphisim on a nonassociative f f*- algebras, Our proof is based on essence the same lines of Rodriguez proof.

Designing a comparative table to determine the infant sex

Fares Ahmed; Amer Abulllateef; Amera Al-Mashadani

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 113-123
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78669

The aim of this study is to design a schedule -via statistical anaiysis-to specify the infant sex and testing the degree of success. After the specification of the efficacy of Chines manuscript and the range of compatibility of application. In addition to the treatment and protective procedures before pregnancy is to specify the masculine sex of the infant.
The sample size includes (65) infants to apply the first method on the treatment and protective procedures are followed before the perception. The second method is followed on (1487) infants in AL-Batool Hospital in order to diagnose the Chines manuscript and to design the mentioned schedule.
The research team states that, the Chines manuscript is successful, after using the investigations, a clinical experiment, theoretical and practical tests on medicine exceed (85 %). The team reached into two methods to specify the infant sex before the perception with a high percentage (100 %) via parametric and non-parametric tests as well as some predictive sample to design the mentioned schedule.

The existence and convergence of the periodic solution of the system of complementary equations - nonlinear differential of the second class type Volterra

Raad Petrus; Ghada Jameel

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 124-137
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78661

In this paper we study the existence and approximation of the periodic solutions for system of nonlinear integro-differential equations of Volterra type by Lebesque integrable function, By using weaker conditions of the function F(t,s,x,x) to be measurable in t and bounded by Lebesque integrable function.

The existence and convergence of the solution to a system of non-linear integral-differential equations of the first rank with the requirements of integration

Raad Petrus; Azzam Younis

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 1, Pages 138-151
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.78712

In this paper we investigate the existence and approximation for nonlinear system of integro-differential equation with boundary integral conditions by using the numerical-analytic method for investigating of a periodic solutions which is given by Samoilenko A.M. and Also these investigations lend us to the improving and extending the above method.