Volume 18, Issue 3, Spring 2006, Page 1-183

Synthesis and Characterization of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(II) complexes with 4'-azachalcone and their adducts with 1,10-phenanthroline

N. H. Buttrus; R. Y. Dawod; I. A. Hassan

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 1-9
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77526

New complexes of general formula [M(L)2C12] , [M2(L)2C14] and
adducts [M(L)2(phen)Cl2] ,where L=4'-azachalcone ,phen - 1,10-phenanthrolin, M=Mn(II),Co(Il),Ni(II) and Cu(II) have been prepared. The complexes and adducts were characterized by elemental analysis, conductivity measurements, magnetic moment and spectral (IR and electronic) studies. Magnetic moment values and electronic spectral data provide evidence for the existanee of tetrahedral environment around the metal ions in the complexes and octahedral geometry in the adducts.

spectrophotometric Assay of Metoclopramide Hydrochloride in pharmaceutical preparations via oxidative coupling Reaction with proma zine Hydrochloride and N-Bromosuccinimide

Elham S. Salih; Intisar K. Mohamad; Shayma I. Al-Najafi

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 10-19
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.162867

Simple, rapid and sensitive spectrophotometric rnethod for the determination of metoclopramide hydrochloride in a bulk sample and in dosage forms is described. The method depends on the oxidative coupling reaction of metoclopramide. HCI with promazine. HCI in the presence of N-bromosuccinimide to form a bluish-green product which absorbs at 600 nm. Beer's law is obeyed in the concentration range 0.4-28.0 pg/ml with good accuracy (average recovery) 100.92% and precision (RSD) is less ihur, 2.0%. The molar absorptivity is t4917 l.mol-'.cm-' with detection and quantification limits 0.11 pg/ml and 0.37 pglml respectively. Common excipients used as additives in pharmaceuticals do not interfere in the proposed rnethod. The method is successfully employed for the detennined of metoclopramide.HCl in pharmaceutical preparations and the results agree favourably with S.D.I. and British pharmacopoeia methods and also with certified values.

Determination of Activation Parameters for the Oxidation of Single Ionic Species of Aminoacids

Mahmoud S. Saieed

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 20-31
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77534

In this work the oxidation of five a-aminoacids (glycine, alanine, valine, leucine and norleutine) by permanganate ion in an aqueous phosphate buffer solution were studied. The results showed that the reaction proceed in two pathways. The first is noncatalyzed and the second is autocatalyzed by the colloidal manganese dioxide resulted from the first pathway. The dependences of the noncatalyzed oxidation reaction on the pH of the medium was utilized in calculation of the rate constant for the oxidation of zwitter ionic (kHA) and anionic (kA) forms.

Synthesis and Characterization of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni(II) and Cu(H) complexes with 1,1,2,2-tetrakis-(benzothiazolethio) ethylene and mercaptobenzothiazole salt

N. H. Buttrus; S. M. Mohammad; F. T. Saied

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 32-42
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77525

A new ligands l,l,2,2-tetrakis-(benzothiazolethio) ethylene (Li) and mercaptobenzothiazole potassium (L2) had been synthesized, investigated and used in the preparation of Mn*2, Co+2, Ni*2 and Cu+2 complexes. Also the reaction of the above complexes with 1,10-phenanthroline has been reported. The complexes and adducts were characterized using IR and UV-visible spectroscopy, atomic absorption molar conductivity and magnetic moments measurements.
Electronic spectra and magnetic measurement showed that some of the complexes have tetrahedral geometry, the other complexes and the adducts have an octahedral geometry.

Study of biochemical changes in breast feeding women

Zahra Hammoudat

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 1-10
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77501

This research is concerned to measure some biochemical variables of fifty lactating women non pregnant comparing with fifty women neither lactating nor pregnant of the same age. of lactating once.
The blood serum concentration of total protein, albumin, globulin, alkaline phosphates, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and hemoglobin were determined.
The results showed decline concentration of total protein, globulin and calcium in addition to high concentration of phosphorus and sodium is found in the serum of women lactating, while the results showed no significant differences of values of albumin, alkaline phosphates, potassium and hemoglubin.
Also, the result showed that the intake on not intake of milk by lactating mothers had no impact on the biochemical variables.
Finally, the concentration of albumin decreased in the first month of lactation, while, in the letar lactation months there is increase concentration of alkaine phosphates and decline concentrations of sodium and potassium.

Preparation and detrmination of many of transitional metals complexes containing new ligands of thiourea derivatives

Luma Mubarek

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 11-20
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77499

A new complexes of Co(II), Ni(Il), Cu(II) and Zn(II) are synthesized with new bidentate ligand l-(6-nitro-2-pyridyI)-3-ethylenethiourea) (npe) and in some cases mixed with (2,2' biperidyl) (Li) and (4-methyiperidyl) (L2) as bi and monodentate ligands. These complexes have been characterized by means of micro analysis (N&M), molar conductance measurements, magnetic measurements I.R, and electronic spectral studies.

Effect of oil and water extracts and sun flower seeds Helianthus annus (A.) on blood lipid level and indications in rats treated with hydrogen peroxide, lipid, and cholesterol

Khalid Sharef; Maan Kallo

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 21-43
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77507

Forty-two albino mate adult rats treated with 0.5% hydrogen peroxide, 4.69%saturated animal fats and 0.26%cholesterol added to the diet, were used in. this study as experimental and biological model. Their body weights ranged between 250-275g and aged 3-4 months. They were divided into seven groups equal in number and identical weights, The first group considered to be negative control group, second group was the positive control group (standard group), orally treated with 0.57% Flavostatin / Kg, third and fourth groups were orally treated with 300 and 600mg sunflower oil extract/Kg respectively, fifth and six groups were orally treated with 120 and 240mg sunflower water extract/Kg body weight respectively, seven group fed the atherogenic diet containing 10% sunflower cake. All groups were fed atherogenic diet containing saturated animal fats and cholesterol, and given freshly prepared 0.5% H2O2 in drinking water ad libitum. The experimental period was continued for 15 days, in addition to 30 days during which atherosclerosis was induced in rats. Analysis of variance and Duncan multiple tests showed that, the effect of sunflower oil, water extracts and 10% sunflower cake caused significant (p<0.05) decrease in serum TL, TC, TG and the undesirable very low density(VLDL-c), low density (LDL-c) lipoproteins and PL values, atherogenic indices and malondialdehyde levels in Iiver,_ heart and kidney tissues, On the other hand, they caused an increase in the level of the desirable high density lipoprotein (HDL-c). In addition, it caused improvement in the animal nutritional status, so it decreases the amount of diet lipid absorption from intestine.

The biological effect of the filtration of certain fungi on seeds

Nedhal Murad; Bassam Ibraheem

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 44-56
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77498

The study of biological effect of Fusarium solani, Alternaria
Alternate Aspergillus sp. culture filtrates showed an effect on seed germination, shoot and root length of Wheat, Sesame & Pea after seed soaking with Fusarium solani. Alternaria alternate & Aspergillus sp.
culture filtrates for periods, 0,6,12,24 hour, It was also shown that these culture Filtrates have an effect on mycelium growth & spores germinationof Fusariurn solani, Alternaria alternate & Aspergillussp. at concentrations of 0,5,10,50%.

Investigate the isolating of Lysbiz enzymes from fungi growing on olive fruits

Zakria Abdulrazzaq; Reyadh Al-Barhawi

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 57-65
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77502

Several fungi were isolated from infected olive fruits. The isolates fell into seven genera Aspergillus, Cladosporium, Penicillium, Phoma, Rhizoctonia, Rhizopus, Stemphyliwn. The efficiency of these isolates to produce lipase's. was tested on solid media containing Tween '80 or Tributyrin, Similar results were obtained from both tests. Isolates of the species Aspergillus niger gave the highest production of the enzyme.

Study of the efficacy and efficacy of the bactericidal serum in patients with diabetes and its comparison with healthy people

Zaid Alrassam; Adeeba Shareef

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 66-79
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77811

This study which included (45) diabetic patients at age groups (11-71) years, fifteen male and thirty females compared with normal control, 5 male and 10 females showed a significant decrease in the bactericidal activity of the serum using diabetic sera containing high glucose concentration while those containing low glucose concentration showed a clear bactericidal activity. The results also showed a significant a decrease in the phagocytic activity of neutrophiles among the diabetic patients compared with the control group. The isolates of Alcaligenes showed sensitivity toward non-immunized human serum, A. faecalis showed high sensitivity toward the serum while the subsp A. Xylosoxidans. denitrificans and A, Xylosoxidans xylosoxidans are showed different sensitivity toward non -immune serum after (3) hours of incubation.

Exposure of cell suspensions derived from kallus soy bean stalks to electric treatment or blended with plasmids Ri in the formation of kallus in multiple droplets

Qutaiba Al-Numaa; Jameela Rasheed; Sahla Zedan

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 80-92
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77500

The present study successed in obtaining callus from embedding cell suspension of Glycine max in agar using Multiple Drop Array (MDA) technique.Results indicate that liquid Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 0.1 mg/L NAA and 2.0 mg/L BA promot divisions of cell and colonies formation.Moreover,electro-treatment of those cell suspension before culture enhanced division of cells and increased colonies formation. Interestingly, the results indicate that mixing certain quantity of Ri-plasmid with cell suspension also stimulate formation of cellular colonies. Generally all these treatments led to the formation of small pieces of callus in agar drops, These fragments of callus continued its growth on subculture medium.

Some physiological effects of a number of plant extracts in experimental diabetes rabbits

Anas Mahmood; Salih Raheem

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 93-107
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77524

This study was designed to examine the effect of aqueous extracts Q$ Cymbopogon citratus Cardaria draba leaves and Artemisia scoparia
leaves and seeds on the levels of glucose, cholesterol, triglycrides, total protein and urea in Alloxan-induced diabetic local rabbits, and The results were compared with the effect of Insulin. The effect of the aqueous extracts have been also tested on some blood parameters by measuring the number of Red Blood Corpuscles, White Blood Cells, Packed Cell Volume (PCV) and Hemoglobin. The aqueous extracts of Cymbopogon citratus and Cardaria draba produced significant decreased in glucose, cholesterol triglycrides and urea levels while significantly increased total proteins level of diabetic local rabbits, the aqueous extract of Artemisia scoparia leaves and seeds produced similar effects on the level of glucose, urea and total protein. In diabetic local rabbits the aqueous extracts of Cymbopogon citratus and Cardaria draba showed significant decrease m the number of White Blood Cells and the aqueous extract for Cardaria draba produced a significant increase in the number of Red Blood Corpuscles, whereas the aqueous extract of the Artemisia scoparia leaves and seeds produced no significant effect on the blood components. The results obtained suggest that these extracts may being used for the treatments of Diabetes Mellitus after be sure that there is no side effect.

Determination of the morphological, productivity and technological differences between the cotton plants in the two leafy MC2 and MC3 variegated leaves

Abd Hussain; Mohammed Sadeq

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 108-118
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77810

(Gossypium. hirsutwn - Coker-310) were used to obtain M2 plants for study the morphology, productivity and technological characters of lint traits. The MC2 mutant was obtained after exposure of dry seeds to 10 Krad gamma rays from Co60 source, while MG3 mutant was obtained after 24 hrs treatment with 0.03% colchicine solution. This study was carried out according to complet randbmiz design (CRD) during the summer of 2004-2005.
The results showed that MC2 mutant was superior to both wild type and MC3 mutant especially in morphological and technological properties. The results also showed a reduction in chlorophyle A and B in mutant plants. MC3 mutant showed superiority, in some productive properties, on MC3 especially in bolls weight, number of seeds/boll, seed cotton yield/plant and in ginning out-turn.
Ml cotton seeds of mosaic leaves mutants (MC2 and MC3) plants

The development and differentiation of callus fennel plant (Riznayj) Foeniculum vulgare (Mill) and the formation of whole plants

Abd Al-Nuaime; Seham Mahmood; Mura AL-Katib

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 119-130
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77829

This study carried out the induction of callus from the explants (leaves, stems and roots) of the medicinal plants Foeniculum vulgare Mill (Fennel) by using MS medium which contained different concentration of growth regulators of Naphthalene acetic acid and Benzyl adenine (NAA + BA) or Indole acetic acid and Kinetine (NAA + Kin). The results indicated that solid MS medium with 1.0 mg/L from each of NAA and BA was the best for the induction and growth of callus. The callus of the explants used were amenable to regenerate and produce numerous shoots. Leaf callus gave the highest percentage of regeneration, then callus of stems and roots. Also, the' results showed the one step regeneration occured for all the callus in the MS medium, especially, MS medium contained (NAA 1.0 mg/L + BA 1.0 mg/L). The regenerants were rooted in MS medium contained 1.0 mg/L of NAA or 2,4-D.

Phenotypic evolution and development of photoreceptors in the fetus' retina Xiphophorus maculates (Platy)

Hani Hamodi; Semaa Salih

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 131-149
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77830

The present Study Conducted to investigate the morphological, anatomical and histological development photoreceptors development in viviparous teleost fish Xiphophorus maculates at the level of light microscope.
The results showed the embryonic development of the photoreceptors in the retina started at early stage.The differentiation and development progressed to form aduplex retina which is avascular and including eight layers and two membranes at adult stage. The first signal of photoreceptors initiation as rods and cones nuclei appeared at the 3rd stage of development. Variations appeared in the rods development and differentiations in their partitions. In addition, the number of rods increased compared to that of cones, to reach the ratio of 4:1 in the adult stage. On the other hand, the cones developed into four main types and their partitions differentiated. The first two types differentiated were long single and twin cones.

The effect of static pressure on the loss of transition through an optical fiber with a constant multi-pattern refractive index

Khalil Mustafa; Mazen Khalil; Abd Abdullah

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 150-167
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77504

This work presents the study of the effect of the static pressure on the propagation of laser beam in the fibers. Three types of fiber have been used in this studies; multimode & step index fiber, Plastic Clad Plastic (PCP) with and with-out jacket and Glass core fiber (bare core). Normal pressure of rang (0 ~ 1300 ) bar were applied on a section (20 cm) length of fiber.
The variation of power attenuation as a function of time during the applied pressure were also investigated .The sensitivity of each fiber was determined when used as a fiber optical pressure sensor.
The results show PCP with jacket gives poor response to the pressure up to 500 bar, while glass core fiber fail as a sensor when the pressure is 1300 bar. PCP with-out jacket show two times sensitivity more when compared with other fiber under the same pressure used in this study.

Low pressure sensor using semiconductor laser

Ifan Karomi; Layth Jasim; Abdul Ghafoor Abdullah

Journal of Education and Science, 2006, Volume 18, Issue 3, Pages 168-183
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2006.77508

The aim of the present research is to design and study the performance of an optical system for the purpose of measuring the pressure, using semiconductor laser.
A Commercial laser diode of 650 nm Wavelength and 3 mW power is used to measure a low pressure inside a chamber, which is designed for this purpose.
The most important parameter including Threshold current, Energy gap Quantum efficiency,....etc under different values of pressure (1000 mbar-25 mbar) and at room temperature were taken into consideration.
The results show that the laser diode gives a good response to the variation of the pressure inside the chamber, especially, when the laser was operating at pulsed mode.
The main conclusion arrived at, indicates that the laser diode can be used as a sensing unit for low pressure, meanwhile when the pressure decreases; the out put power of the laser diode is increased within 0.091 u-W/mbar.