Print ISSN: 1812-125X

Online ISSN: 2664-2530

Volume 24, Issue 1

Volume 24, Issue 1, Winter 2011, Page 1-178

Analysis of Blood Serum and Gallstone Lipids Composition of Gallstone Patients

Mohamed A. H. Jasim

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 1-12
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51501

This study was designed to compare the level of lipid fractions and percentage of fatty acids in serum and gallstones in patients with gallstone, the study include 25 gallstone patients who were diagnosed by ultrasonography,the age is between (40-60) year and compared with (25) normal subject with same age were collected as control and measurement of a number of biochemical parameters in serum and gallstone,as well as analysis and measurement of percentage of fatty acids in the fatty component of serum and gallstone (cholesterol ester, phospholipids and triglyceride) by using thin layer chromatography (TLC) and then re-esterfication fatty acids and measurement percentage of fatty acids using capillary gas chromatography (CGC). also the study include chemical composition of gallstones by using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). the result of this study show that there is a significant differences in the level of studied biochemical parameter and fatty acids percentage in gallstone patients compared with the control group.

Spectrophotometric Determination of Mesalazine Via Arsenazo III- Cerium(III) Reaction

Zeena Z. Al-Abdaly

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 13-21
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51507

A simple and sensitive spectrophotometric method has been developed for the determination of mesalazine (5-aminosalicylic acid) in pure form and in its pharmaceutical preparation(capsule). The method is based on the oxidation-reduction reaction between mesalazine and cerium (IV) ion, then reaction of cerium(III) with arsenazo III reagent in acidic medium to produce a green-blue complex, which is stable, water soluble and has a maximum absorption at 654 nm with a molar absorptivity of 2.103×105 -1. Beerُ s law is obeyed in the concentration range of 0.5 to 14 µg of mesalazine in a final volume of 25 ml. The proposed method has been applied successfully for determination of mesalazine in pharmaceutical preparation (capsule).

Characterization studies on Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II) complexes with new ligand`s derived from thiourea

Saad K. Dawood; Thana Y. Yousif

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 22-28
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51504

complexes of the type [M(L1)Cl2] and [M(L2)Cl2] (M=Mn(II), Fe(II), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II); L1=(2,11-dithioxo-1,3,10,12-tetra azacyclo octa deca-6,15-diene-4,9,13,18-tetraone), L2=(2,9-dithioxo-1,3,8,10-tetra aza cyclo tetra decane-4,7,11,14-tetraone) have been prepared and characterized by means of micro analysis (M) molar conductance measurements, magnetic susceptibility measurements, IR and electronic spectral. The prepared complexes may have an octahedral configuration.

Relation of Serum Antioxidants in patients with Periodontal Disease Status

Jehan A. Mohammad

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 29-36
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51500

The study was conducted to investigate the levels of some antioxidants (Glutathion, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Uric acid, Total protein and Albumin) in serum.
Fifty six subjects were divided into two groups; group I involves (30) patients with periodontal disease and group II involves (26) healthy subjects (control). Group I was also subdivided into two subgroups; group IA (smokers) and group IB (nonsmokers).
Analysis of the results showed that there was a significant increase in the level of total protein in patients in comparison with control group. Antioxidant levels were significants decreased in patients with control (Glutathion, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Albumin). There was no difference in the level of uric acid between the two groups.
The study also included the measurement of the levels of the investigated antioxidants in smokers and non smokers patients. The results indicated that there was no significant differences in the mean concentrations of antioxidant between smokers and non smokers except for glutathione level, where there was significant decrease in smoker in comparison with non smoker patients.

Effect of Soybean Seeds On Some Physiological And Biochemical Parameters In Ovariectomized Rats

A. A. Hassan E. M. Abdulrasool

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 37-48
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51407

The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of soybean seeds (15g /kg diet) for one month on blood picture, total cholesterol(T-C), high density lipoproteins(HDL), low density lipoproteins(LDL), triglycerides (TG), glucose, alanine aminotrasferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotrasferase (AST) enzymes activity, glutathione(GSH), total proteins, albumin, globulin and body weight in ovariectomized rats(OVX). The rats randomly divided in to three groups (6 rats / group). The first group served as a control, the second group rats at one month aged bilateral ovariectomy were done, and the third group rats at one month aged bilateral ovariectomy were done, and after two months the rats treated with soybean seeds for one month. The result showed that a significant decrease in the total leucocytes count, HDL, GSH and globulin in ovariectomized group compared with control group, with no significant differences in PCV, Hb, differential leucocytes count(DLC), total proteins, albumin and body weight. The current study demonstrated that a significant increase in T-C, LDL, ALT and glucose in ovariectomized rats group compared with control group.
Administration of soybean seeds caused a significant increase in total leucocytes count, globulin and body weight compared with ovariectomized group, and a significant decrease in T-C, TG, LDL and glucose compared with ovariectomized group. It could be concluded from this study that administration of soya beans seeds have a beneficial improving of some physiological and biochemical parameters in ovarictomized rats.

The Effect of Hole Radius on The Properties of Large Pitch Photonic Crystal Fiber

Rasha Abdulaziz Faris Abdulghafor Ibrahim Abdullah

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 49-60
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51503

Three proposals of large pitch (Λ=5µm) photonic crystal fibers (PCFs) are studied. The effect of air hole radius on the properties of the fundamental mode of these fibers are considered. All the parameters of the proposed structured were kept constant except the hole radius were varied 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0μm for the PCF1, PCF2 and PCF3 respectively.
Numerical aperture, effective area, nonlinear coefficient, dispersion, flattened dispersion, dispersion slope and zero dispersion wavelength of the PCFs were all investigated.
This study shows that the dispersion profile was affected by the radius of the hole and PCF3 showed more flattened dispersion (dispersion slope of 0.015333ps/, in range of 1.2~1.5μm of wavelength compared to PCF1 and PCF2 structures. On other hand, the increase of air hole radius increased the numerical aperture and decreased the effective area along the full range of wavelength, while zero dispersion point was shifted towards the shorter wavelength.
The calculated results were compared with other published work of small pitch (Λ=2.3µm) photonic crystal fiber.

The study of recovery behaviors of different types of Styrene Butadiene Rubber after aging using circular deformation

Sanaa M. Al-Delaimy

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 61-68
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51505

Recovery behaviors from circular deformation of styrene butadiene rubber were studied at different aging circumstances. SBR1502, VLS2525, NS116, were the material used to make different types of SBR. Circular deformation was done on all samples at different periods and temperatures.
Recovery percent was measured and found that it was increased with deformation time and decreased with aging temperature increment and it was the highest for NS116 and the lowest for SBR1502.
Also the apparent crosslink density was measured and found that it was increased with aging temperature for the three types rubber and the rate of its variation was the highest for SBR1502 and the lowest for NS116.

Determination of Glucose Concentration By Rotation of Polarization Plane of He-Ne Laser

Zead T. Ahmed Ameer F. Hammeed

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 69-77
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51506

In this research, the optical activity of glucose solution had been studied through the studying of influence of this solution in rotation of polarization plane of laser He-Ne light, the different concentrations of glucose solution were selected for analyzing the intensity of polarized laser light within the range and by increment (10o), which is transmitted during the samples of distilled water (as a standard sample) and these different concentrations of glucose solution by using analyzer. Then the relationship between values of analyzer angles and intensity values was plotted. At steady intensity for all curves the analyzer angle for distilled water and each one of concentrations has determined, then all concentrations were plotted as a function of these angles and by fitting the result curve by using MATLAB Package the polynomial of first order which represents the relationship between the rotational angle and concentrations had inquired.
In other hand, the distribution in (3-D) of intensity of He-Ne laser spot which is transmitted during the samples of distilled water and the different concentrations of glucose solution was studied through taking the image for each case by using digital camera. The difference in distribution of intensity in spot of laser for each case had determined that due to different in solution concentrations.

Radical Young's Diagrams Core

Ammar S. Mahmood Hanan S. Mohammed

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 78-92
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51408

This is research is basically deals with the representation theory that is specifically on Hecke algebra and q-Schur algebra, where β-numbers of a partition has sufficient effect in both types of algebra.
The objective of this work is to expand the results of Fayers that is by adding new runners to β-numbers, to represent a "tree", and by other hand, we decide to reduce the runners reaching another new definition "radical" by using both mathematically and computer programming ways.

Creating Image Mosaics using Statistical Methods for Images Alignment

Israa Mohammad Khidher Mohammed A. M. Al-taee

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 93-107
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51409

Image mosaics is a collection of small images arranged in a way that when they are seen from a distance they seen as larger image. It occupies a wide field in computer vision and image processing area. This field is performed in four stages. These stages are selecting the target image (input image) stage, choosing the tiling pattern stage. These tiles are small images from image database. The third stage arranged the tiles in a way to cover the target image. Indeed, color correction stage where the image colors are adjusted to better match the target image colors. The aim of our work is to create an image mosaics based on Statistical approaches.
Database images are collected and selected randomly. Then these images are pr-processed through a resized operation. Also a color transformation from RGB to the grayscale form (intensity). The color transformation is necessary because the intensity form shows the details of the target and the tile images to obtain effective images matching. At first we select a target image randomly. The target image is segmented to 32x32 tiles. At the second stage we choose the rectangular pattern for its simplicity as well as the rectangular nature of tile images used. Arranging tile stage is obtained, for each tile the system search the image database and selects the best matching image based on correlation coefficients of the intensity images. At this stage the difference between our works than others appeared. We use the correlation coefficients for matching operation that obtain a best matching than other approaches like Mathematical approaches which obtained approximate results such as distance functions. Also other Statistical approaches such as Histogram intersection and Statistics measure (Chi Square) used to arrange tiles operation. Finally, we perform image color correction in pixel wise using the average of the R, G, B channels of the target and tile images. The resultant pixel obtained from last step will cover the target. As a result an image mosaic is created. The proposed work shows efficient and accurate results.

A New Algorithm to Encryption and Compression Image Data File

Riyad Mubarak Abdullah

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 108-118
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51410

In this research algorithm to encryption and image compression data file was developed. This algorithm is a result of merge between RSA algorithm for encryption and Morlet Wavelet which is used for image data file compression. We applied this algorithm to a group of images which is randomly choused and bmp type with different in size and content, this algorithm gives good results for keeping the security of the information because the data file encrypted at the beginning and then compressed as a result it will be difficult to recognize the file content for unauthorized person.

Goeken-Johnson Sixth-Order Runge-Kutta Method

Mohammed M. Ismail

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 119-128
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51502

In this paper we drive a new sixth-order Runge-Kutta method, depending on the new fifth order Runge-Kutta method of David Goeken and Olin Johnson, the property of this method is that it needs five function evaluations only where the standard method needs six or seven function evaluations, then this method is compared with the new fifth order Runge-Kutta method.

Effect of some isolated protein compounds from artichoke leaves in the levels of glucose, cholesterol and total fat in rats

Fatema Abdulhameed Mohamed

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 1-11
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51453

The research was an attempt to isolate and study the active proteinous compounds from the cold aqueous extract of cynara scolymus L. leaf. Three compounds (I, II, III) were isolated using gel filtration chromatography of the precipitate produced by cold acetone precipitation. The comparative molecular weights of the three compounds were found to be (320007, 5560, 2607) Dalton respectively.
The effect of the aqueous extract and the proteinous fractions on glucose, cholesterol and total lipids in normal and alloxan-induced diabetic mice were investigated.
Glucose level was lowered by intraperitoneally administration of concentrated aqueous extract and high molecular weight proteinous compound (II) by (24.7% and 31.4%) respectively in normal mice and (12.4% and 28%) respectively in diabetic mice.
Furthermore, there was a significant reduction in the total lipids level by intraperitoneally administration of concentrated aqueous extract by (17.1% and 1.7%) in normal and diabetic mice respectively.
Also there was a significant reduction in the cholesterol and total lipids levels by intaperitoneally administration of low molecular weight proteinous compound (II) by (34.9% and 23%) respectively.

The use of aerobic oxidation process and polymer additives in the preparation of activated carbon of oils consumed by chemical treatment

Ammar Ahmed Hamdoon; Maher Salih Ahmed

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 12-26
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51497

In this study, the activated carbon has been prepared from the spent lubricant oils in the presence of additives which include polymers. Spent lubricant oils and polymers waste products are pollutant materials, it is possible to use these wastes to prepare activated carbon.
The process of preparing activated carbon comprises oxidation of spent lubricant oils at different intervals of time. After determining the ideal circumstances for oxidation, the oxidized oil is dealt with additives which are polyethylene, polystyrene, resin of melamine formaldehyde and rubber with additional oxidation at 300 25 °C for 5,6 and 7 hours.
The percentage of asphaltene in all above treatments has been determined then, the best samples have been taken according to asphaltene content.
Normal and vacuum distillation have been conducted. The vacuum distillation wastes have been taken and treated with KOH (1 unit waste with 2 units KOH) at 55050 °C for three hours. Many tests have been conducted on the prepared activated carbon such as determining the activity of the samples through adsorption of iodine and methylene blue from aqueous media. The density, ash content and humidity were measured and all the properties was compared with the commercial one.

Effect of Lipopolysaccharide extracted from Klebsiella pneumoniae bacteria in the immune response of mice infected experimentally with toxoplasmosis

Ibraheem Faris Ali; Hanan Sideeq Sadoon

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 27-42
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51510

The present study was investigated the immunological effects of the lipopolysaccharide extracted from Klebsiella pneumoniae against experimental infection with toxoplasmosis in mice.
Immunological changes in treated mice were compared with the +ve (mice infected with T.gondii but not treated with LPS) and -ve (mice not infected with T.gondii and not treated with LPS) group at 3,14 and 30 days post infection with tissue cysts of T.gondii in the peritoneal cavity. Total and differential WBC count of peripheral blood and innate immune response represented by the phagocytic index were the criteria taken into consideration.
Results showed a significant increase in the total WBC count in mice treated with LPS after infection with T.gondii, compared with –ve and +ve control groups. For differential WBC count, an increase in lymphocytes and decrease in monocytes, neutrophils and eosinophils was noticed. Basophils were not considered because of their low number.For phagocytic index, an increase was noticed in treated mice compared with –ve and +ve control groups, and the highest rate was observed in cncentration 500 µg / 20 gm body weight at 30 days post infection.
It is concluded that, LPS extracted from K.pneumoniae may well be used as a active and non toxic immunomodulator against infection with toxoplasmosis in mice.

Effect of infrared on the growth and development of neural bags in white mice infected with granulomatosis

Suhaila Yacoub Yousef

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 43-55
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.2011.51412

The study investigated the effect of infra red ray on the growth and development of secondary hydatid cysts of Echinococcus granulosus in mice which based on changes in cysts numbers, weights, diameters and percentage of their reduction, the changes in liver and spleen weights and their organ index.
The study showed significant reduction, (p≤0.05), in secondary hydatid cysts weights and diameters in cyst which developed from irradiated protoscoleces. Also, there was a reduction in liver weights and organ index, with increasing spleen weights and organ index.
The study elucidated that the best effect of infra red ray on cysts numbers, diameters, percentage of their reduction, liver weights and organ index were at 3 minutes of irradiation. Whereas, the optimum result of cysts weights was obtained at 5 minutes of radiation.

Effect of smoking on thyroid diseases in older people

Nawal Thanon Younis

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 56-65
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51509

In the present work thyroid hormones determined in older patients with hyper- and hypothyroidism compared with control. The results demonstrated a significant increase in the level of both Thyroxin and
Tri iodo thyronine in hyperthyroidism patients, While a significant decrease in thyroxin in hypothyroidism compared with control. The research, involved also study effect of smoking on thyroid hormones.
The result also demonstrated a significant increase in level of thyroxin in the smoker hyperthyroidism patients compared with non smoker, the result demonstrated increase of the percentage in the hyper- and hypothyroidism with the increase in the (smoking period and cigarettes number per/day and It is increased in females with hyperthyroidism compared with males while it is decreased in female compared to male with hypothyroidism.

The effect of diazepam in some fertility and testosterone levels in healthy adult male rats

Hadeel Mohammed Hamed

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 66-79
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51462

The present investigation was conducted to reveal the effect of oral administration of diazepam (2.5-5 mg/kg B.W.) orally daily for 6 weeks on sperm concentration, the level of live sperm, dead and abnormal sperm and the relative weight of testis, prostate, seminal vesicles and epidydimus (head, body, tail). Furthermore measurement of testosterone hormone level in time interval (0,3,6 weeks) in adult albino male rats with age between 2.5-3 months and average body weight (222±16.79gram). The results showed that diazepam at doses (2.5-5 mg/kg) body weight caused a significant decreas in sperms count and the percentage of live sperms with a significant increased in the percentage of dead sperms and morphologically abnormal sperms.
Furthermore a significant decreas in serum testosterone, average weight of testis, prostate glands and tail of epididymis associated with significant increased in average body weight during period 2,4,5,6, weeks in rats treated with diazepam at two doses 2.5,5 mg/kg of body weight compared with control group. It is concluded from the present study is that diazepam has adverse effect on sexual efficiency in adult male.

Effect of soybean seeds treated with germination or fermentation on nutritional status and growth in developing rats with iron deficiency anemia

Sanabel Senhareb Matti; Khaled Hammadi Hamed Sharaf

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 80-99
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51498

To investigate the interaction effect of iron-deficiency anemia and feeding soybean in different ratios and treatments to wheat flour, 84 albino male growing rats were used as biological model in this study. They aged 24-35 days and body weight 60-74 gr. They were divided randamlly into two main groups. First group contained healthy rats, which inturn divided into seven equal subgroups according to hemoglobin level and body mass. Second group contained induced anemic rats (iron depleted by bleeding about 15-20 drops of blood) divided into seven equal subgroups also. Both anemic and healthy groups were fed for 15 days experimental period the balanced experimental diets as follows: Wheat flour (WF, control diet), WF supplemented with 7.5% or 15% ground soybean seeds, WF supplemented with 7.5% or 15% germinated soybean seeds, WF supplemented with 7.5% or 15% fermented soybean seeds. Nutritional status, body weight gain, hemoglobin levels, growth rate, amount of diets consumed, feces eliminated weights, dietary and fecal iron contents, liver and spleen weights and their iron contents were estimated, dietary apparent iron absorption (AFeA%) and dry matter absorption (DMA%) were calculated.
Analysis of variance and Duncan multiple tests of body weight gains, growth rates, amount of diets consumed, feces eliminated and their iron contents, liver and spleen weights, and their iron content values of anemic rats were lower than those of healthy rats. However, the AFeA% of anemic rats was higher than those values of healthy rats. Dry matter absorption was similar in both groups of rats. 15% germinated soybean seeds supplementation to WF indicated to have promising effects in preventing and treatment of iron-deficiency anemia.

Copper Case Equation - A theoretical study using high pressure

Adnan Mohamed El Sheikh; Zeina Waleed Hazem Al Abadi

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 100-113
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51508

The present work, six different equations of state (EOS), have been used for studying Copper under high pressure at room temperature, by studying variation of different thermodynamical parameters in particular, variations in bulk modulus and Grüneisen parameter, which are represent a promising approach for modeling universal EOS for solids.
On comparing our predicted results, obtained by using the different EOS, with experimental data, one notice that all the six EOS gives agreement with experimental data for relatively low pressure. The best agreement with experimental data, with increasing pressure, have been shown by the results calculated by Bardeen, Brennan – Stacey and Vinet EOS. While results predicted by using Birch – Murnaghan EOS shows slightly less agreement with experimental data.
The results calculated by using both Murnaghan EOS and Thomsen EOS at higher pressure shows disagreement with experimental data and with our theoretical results.

Forecasting sugar sales at the Mosul factory using the Akaike standard

Manahil Abdel Ahad

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 114-122
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51460

In this paper we display and compare several multivariate models for some multiple time series data. The models all come from the vector autoregressive moving average class so that comparisons between them can easily be made using criteria such as Akaike's information criterion. Which is case study model specification with multivariate time series: vector autoregressive moving average model.

Selection of variables in the analysis of the piezoelectric with application

Thanoon Younis Thanoon Al-Shakirji

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 123-135
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51499

Using Bayesian inference in factor analysis is to estimate parameters of the model , Where represents the factor loadings matrix, F represents the factor scores matrix, for that, selected variables of interest relatively through interpretation are the results of Bayesian estimator for factor loadings matrix and application on data taken from Ibn-Alatheer hospital, These data include (150) patients injured with thalassemia, and the results showed the importance all of the variables in the impact on the disease.

Optimal classification of remote sensing data using directed and non-directed instruction of neural networks

Kanar Mohammed Sami Mustafa; Lubna Thanoon Al-Kahli

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 136-149
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51456

The study of multi classification of data has become one of the important issues which geographical studies focus on especially those which take their data from satellites.
Two ways of classification has been taken into consideration, each one completes the other. The two ways are used together to get the benefits of both and to obtain the full advantage. The data of remote sensing were chosen to be tested.
The system suggested is a software package which consists of neural networks of supervised learning and neural networks of unsupervised learning to classify the land of (Al-Mosul Dam) in Mosul city.
The best use of remotely sensed data is by using the methods of supervised and unsupervised classification consequently which improve the primary input data in the classification. Thus, a high degree of accuracy and efficiency in the classification are obtained.
It is worth mentioning that software package used in the integration consists of the nets: the supervised ART-II neural network and the unsupervised Kohonen neural network.

Use Sequences to improve the numerical Riemann method to calculate integrals

Mohamةed Abdel Razzaq Mohammed Altaie

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 150-162
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51458

The purpose of this research is the improvement of the numerical Riemann's integral using series. Riemann's method displayed in this research and we suggested an algorithm to improve the convergence using Geometric series, p-series and Taylor series for the exponential function. And we ended the discussion for this method by use some examples and we noticed that the Geometric series is the best series to get the nearby numerical solution from exact solution.

Construction and protection of secure databases for the General Company for the distribution of petroleum products in Mosul

Raya Jassim Issa

JOURNAL OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE, Volume 24, Issue 1, Pages 163-178
DOI: 10.33899/edusj.1999.51411

This paper aims to design a database and protecting it using Oracle Language and MD5 algorithm for encryption for the Oil Products Distribution Company (OPDC) in Mosul. The study assumes “the possibility of establishing a scientific, applicable and secure database and protect it, in light of the OPDC data, organizational structure and information those internally certified.
Three detectives on work: Oracle databases and Oracle language for structural and management of the data; the protection and the mechanism of action of secure cryptographic algorithm; the stages of the building for OPDC. The study reached conclusive results, the most important is that it could build databases and protect it. It has been tested and proven a successful operation in the demo application.