The Journal of Education and Science (JES) is pursuing ethical standards for publication, depending on the conduct and best practice guidelines for journal editors set by the committee on publication ethics (COPE). Significant attention will be spent on detecting and preventing plagiarism, data fabrication and falsification, redundant publications, ghost-writing and improper author contribution, citation manipulation, and duplicate submission.
Duties and Responsibilities of Publishers
- JES is committing to ensuring that editorial decisions on manuscript submissions are final.
- JES promises to ensure that the decision on manuscript submissions is only based on professional judgment and will not be affected by any commercial interests.
- JES is committing to maintaining the integrity of academic and research records.
- JES monitors the ethics of the editor-in-chief, associate editors, editorial board members, reviewers, authors, and readers.
- JES is constantly checking the plagiarism and fraudulent data issues involved in the submitted manuscript.
- JES is always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, and retractions involving its publications when needed.
Duties and Responsibilities of Editors
- The journal's editors should have the full authority to reject/accept a manuscript.
- The journal editors should maintain the confidentiality of submitted manuscripts under review or until they are published.
- The editor-in-chief should decide on whether submitted manuscripts to be published or not, with other editors' and reviewers' scientific opinions.
- The editors of the journal should preserve the anonymity of reviewers.
- The editors of the journal should disclose and try to avoid any conflict of interest.
- The journal's editors should maintain academic integrity and strive to meet the needs of readers and authors.
- The journal editors should be willing to investigate plagiarism and fraudulent data issues and be ready to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
- The journal editors should have limited themselves only to the intellectual content.
- The journal editors must not disclose any information about submitted manuscripts to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate.
Duties and Responsibilities of Reviewers
- The journal reviewers should assist the editors in deciding to publish the submitted manuscripts.
- The reviewers should maintain the confidentiality of manuscripts they are invited to review.
- The reviewers should provide comments in time that will help editors decide whether the submitted manuscript is to be published.
- The reviewers are bound to treat the manuscript received for peer reviewing as confidential and must not use the information obtained through peer review for personal advantage.
- The reviewer's comments against each invited manuscript should be technical, professional, and objective.
- The reviewers should not review the manuscripts in which they have found conflicts of interest with any of the authors, companies, or institutions.
- The reviewers should disclose and try to avoid any conflict of interest.
Duties and Responsibilities of Authors
- Manuscripts must be submitted only in English and written according to sound grammar and proper terminology.
- Manuscripts must be submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere and are not currently under consideration by another journal or any other publisher.
- The submitting corresponding author is responsible for ensuring that all the other coauthors have approved the manuscript article's publication.
- To sustain the peer review system, authors must participate in the peer review process to evaluate manuscripts from others.
- It is also the author's responsibility to ensure that the manuscripts emanating from a particular institution are submitted with the approval of the necessary institution.
- It is a condition for submission of a manuscript that the authors permit editing of the paper for readability.
- Under open access license, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their content but allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, and copy the content as long as the original authors and source are appropriately cited.
- All authors have agreed to allow the corresponding author to serve as the correspondent with the editorial office to review the edited manuscript and proof.
- When an author(s) discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their published work, the author should promptly notify the journal editor or publisher to retract or correct the manuscript.
- All authors must know that the submitted manuscripts under review or published with JES are subject to screening using plagiarism prevention software. Plagiarism is a severe violation of publication ethics.
- All authors must ensure that all authors have read the final submission checklist before being submitted to the JES.
- Peer review process: JES is a double-blind peer-reviewed quarterly publication concerned with all aspects of sciences.
- Governing body: JES has an editorial board whose members are experts in the subject areas included within the journal's scope. The full names and affiliations of the journal's editors are provided on the Editorial Board page.
- Contact information: JES provided the contact information with the editor-in-chief on the contact page.
- Author fees / Access: The Journal database is fully open access, and full text of published articles is available for everyone who can access the JES website free of cost. Besides, the authors should pay publication fees only.
- Identification of and dealing with allegations of research misconduct: The editor-in-chief takes reasonable steps to identify and prevent the publication of papers where research misconduct has occurred, including plagiarism, citation manipulation, and data falsification/fabrication, among others.
- Web site: A journal's Web site (https://edusj.mosuljournals.com/) contains that care has been taken to ensure high ethical and professional standards.
- Name of journal: The Journal of Education and Science (JES) has unique and not one that is easily confused with another journal.
- Conflicts of interest: Authors are requested to evident whether impending conflicts do or do not exist while submitting their articles to JES through the conflict of interest section in the manuscript.
- Archiving: A journal's plan for electronic backup and preservation of access to the journal content is indicated (https://www.iasj.net/iasj/journal/72/about).
Violation of Publication Ethics
- Plagiarism: Plagiarism intentionally uses someone else's ideas or other original material as if they are one's own. Copying even one sentence from someone else's manuscript, or even one of your own that has previously been published, without proper citation, is considered by JES as plagiarism. All manuscripts under review or published with JES are subject to screening using plagiarism prevention software. Thus, plagiarism is a serious violation of publication ethics. The development of CrossCheck is a service that helps editors verify papers' originality. CrossCheck is powered by the Ithenticate software from iParadigms, known in the academic community as providers of Turnitin. For a searchable list of all journals in the CrossCheck database, please visit: www.ithenticate.com/search
- Data Fabrication and Falsification: Data fabrication and falsification means the researcher did not carry out the study but made up data or results and recorded or reported the fabricated information. Data falsification means the researcher did the experiment but manipulated, changed, or omitted data or results from the research findings.
- Simultaneous Submission: Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript (or substantial sections from a manuscript) is submitted to a journal when another journal has already considered it.
- Duplicate Publication: Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share essentially the same hypotheses, data, discussion points, and conclusions.
- Redundant Publications: Redundant publications involve the inappropriate division of study outcomes into several articles, most often consequent to the desire to plump academic vitae.
- Improper Author Contribution or Attribution: All listed authors must have made a significant scientific contribution to the research in the manuscript and approved all its claims. Don't forget to list everyone who made a significant scientific contribution, including students and laboratory technicians.
- Citation Manipulation: Citation Manipulation includes excessive citations in the submitted manuscript that do not contribute to the scholarly content of the article and have been included solely to increase citations to a given author's work or articles published in a particular journal. This leads to misrepresenting the importance of the specific work and journal in which it appears and is thus a form of scientific misconduct.
- Sanctions: If there are documented violations of any of the policies mentioned above in any journal, regardless of whether or not the violations occurred in a journal, the following sanctions will be applied: (i) Immediate rejection of the infringing manuscript, (ii)Immediate rejection of every other manuscript submitted to any journal published by any of the authors of the infringing manuscript, (iii) Prohibition will be imposed for a minimum of 36 months against all of the authors for any new submissions to any journal, either individually or in combination with other authors of the infringing manuscript, and (iv) Prohibition against all of the authors from serving on the Editorial Board of any journal.
Once JES confirms a violation against JES publication ethics, JES addresses ethical concerns diligently following an issue-specific standard practice as summarized below.
- The journal editor's first action is to inform JES's editorial office by supplying copies of the relevant material and a draft letter to the corresponding author asking for an explanation nonjudgmentally.
- If the author's explanation is unacceptable and it seems that serious unethical conduct has occurred, the matter is referred to the publication committee via the editorial office. After deliberation, the committee will decide whether the case is sufficiently serious to warrant a ban on future submissions.
- If the infraction is less severe, the Editor, upon the advice of the publication committee, sends the author a letter of reprimand and reminds the author of EDUSJ publication policies; if the manuscript has been published, the Editor may request the author to publish an apology in the journal to correct the record.
- Notification will be sent to the corresponding author, and any work by the author responsible for the violation or any work these persons coauthored that is under review by the JES journal will be rejected immediately.
- The authors are prohibited from serving on the JES editorial board and serving as a reviewer for JES Journal. JES reserves the right to take more action.
- In extreme cases, notifications will be sent to the authors' affiliations, and the authors are prohibited from submitting their work to JES for five years.
- In serious fraud cases that result in the retraction of the article, a retraction notice will be published in the journal and linked to the article in the online version. The online version will also be marked "retracted" with the retraction date.